Aleister Crowley and Thelema—Equinox of the Gods

“Although Crowley preferred to cast himself in the mould of the Eliatic Greek school, going so far as to adopt the argumentative methods and intellectual idealism of Socrates, the Egyptian Book of the Law rails against such reasoning and argument.”

There is division hither homeward; there is a word not known. Spelling is defunct; all is not aught. Beware! Hold! Raise the spell of Ra-Hoor-Khuit!

Liber AL vel Legis, III: 2

“All is not aught” is a succinct though subtle refutation of certain streams of the Eastern philosophy. Even if we make a clear distinction between Aleister Crowley, the man or personality, and the consciousness current we term “93”, the buddhistic way is intellectually alluring—for some, compelling.[1] It also becomes a very easy way if we pay lip service to it while neglecting the core meditation practice. Sri Ramakrishna, the Hindu sage and devotee of Kali, held a view that in no way contradicts ancient Egyptian pharaonic theology:

God has form and He is formless too. Further, He is beyond both form and formlessness. No one can limit Him.

Sri Ramakrishna Kathamrita[2]

Great Neter: God comprehending all other Gods, E.A. Wallis Budge

Crowley and Thelema: God of all Gods

Crowley and Crowleyanity

The aim of magick is to make contact with occult intelligences. Historically, it has often been the case that such direct contact refutes mainstream dogma. Religion is about belief. The value of belief is in the telling of a good story but it is ultimately a bar to Gnosis. The ancient Egyptians had no word in their language for “religion”, since the concept for them did not exist. The Book of the Law is a transmission from an ancient Egyptian source. As such, it is a knowledge stream that vastly predates both science and religion.

Although Crowley preferred to cast himself in the mould of the Eliatic Greek school, going so far as to adopt the argumentative methods and intellectual idealism of Socrates, the Egyptian Book of the Law rails against such reasoning and argument.[3] Indeed, the rationalist science of today has its roots firmly immersed in the clay of classical Greek dogma. Thus scientism is not only against Nature but has also tricked mankind with its stream of inventions to the extent that all life on the planet is now under threat of imminent extinction.

Magical Timing

It is more likely that Crowley received the writing of the Book of the Law on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd April 1904, not the 8th, 9th and 10th as he subsequently claimed.[4] This was first noted by Kenneth Grant, who studied the diaries and holograph MSS of Crowley at first hand, while receiving personal tuition from him.[5]

Does it matter? If it matters at all, then it matters only for the purposes of understanding how practical magick works. The timing of things is vital in magick. To separate magick from Nature is to separate man from truth with the divisive sword of intellectual reason. Destruction is the outcome, as surely as is splitting the atom. When a magical operation is performed on the Equinox of Aries (20th March, the initiation of the Cairo working), the fulmination of that work arrives with the full Moon. In 1904, the full Moon in Libra very nearly coincided with Easter (Friday 1st April), and there was a lunar eclipse so that any corresponding events would be marked ever more deeply.

None of this need be of any concern to historians or scholars of the life and times of Aleister Crowley. Let it be then, that Crowley wrote down the book on the 8th, 9th and 10th April 1904. Then we can all sleep safe in our beds. After all, some observe this ritually, by reading aloud the three chapters of Liber AL vel Legis, one for each day. A more magical (and poetic) approach to this is to read from the book on the full Moon immediately following the Equinox of Aries each year. Anciently it has always been the Moon, and not any arbitrary calendrical date that determined the times for rituals. Crowley, on the other hand, wisely suggested it might be best to burn the book after the first reading.

Ouarda the Seer

Should it bother us that Crowley played down the role played by his wife, Rose or Ouarda the Seer? As she was the mediumistic agent for the whole business, Rose may very well have received and dictated the book to the scribe Crowley.[6] This would account for the instructions on practice given him in the middle of the second chapter that he clearly refused to obey. It would account for the fact of Rose’s handwritten notes added to the manuscript, not to mention that even by his own account the Beast had to consult with her concerning his anxiety over the neologism, “unfragmentary” (Liber XXX, I: 26). After that, the tone of the book becomes increasingly cryptic and menacing—hence the second verse of the third chapter that we have quoted.

Wise Words and Foolish

Some have interpreted, “there is a word not known” (AL, III: 2), as meaning that Crowley somehow failed to utter a word to inaugurate the New Aeon. The Aeon that subsequently ensued was abortive, so it is said. This has deluded some (including perhaps Crowley) into thinking an actual word—a word that can be spelled or spoken—is a necessary part of the equipment of a Magus that is somehow in charge or governance of an entire epoch in the history of human civilisation.

Some have posited that Crowley’s Aeon of Horus was very swiftly superseded by an Aeon of Ma’at.[7] This was later qualified by Kenneth Grant as a dual Aeon of Horus-Maat. Grant also made much mention in his books and letters of a “Wordless Aeon”. Others would have it that all aeons in time are presided over by Horus and Ma’at in both ancient Egyptian and astrological terms. The balance of the year is Aries and Libra. There is nothing in the Egyptian Book of the Law in any case about any “New Aeon”! All of this has introduced some bewilderment in the minds of those students of the occult that wish to find truth in written words and historical facts, so called. According to Liber AL vel Legis, III: 75:

The ending of the words is the Word Abrahadabra.

Everyone knows that ABRAHADABRA adds Qabalistically to 418. It appears in the grimoire attributed to King Solomon as a spell for invisibility, and the original form of this spell was ABRAKALA.[8] Crowley’s favoured interpretation was typically solar-phallic, “Father-Sun-Satan”. However, the seven-lettered ABRAKALA expresses the power of the divine creatrix, summed up in 256 or 16 x 16, the shade of the full Moon. There are three colours or primary kalas for the face of the White Goddess, white, black and red. She is either visible, invisible or in eclipse. During eclipse, a shade appears ahead of time, so to speak, thanks to the intervention of the body of the earth. Thus the powers of a lunar eclipse include prophecy, divination and oracular utterance.

One thing we can certainly be sure of is that Rose Crowley, who was first abandoned by Crowley and subsequently rejected by him, was the Pythoness and oracular seer that brought us the Egyptian Book of the Law.


1. Buddhism—generally speaking, for there are many schools of thought and practice—appeals to the rationalist and employs what might be termed ‘Greek reasoning’ to set its particular truth over and above all other truths. Perhaps the statement would be better qualified as “intellectual Buddhism”.
2. Recorded by Sri Mandiram, March 11, 1883: Conversations with Sri Ramakrishna [Vedanta Press].
3. See R. A. Schwaller de Lubicz, Sacred Science (pp. 18, Inner Traditions International) and Plato’s Phaedrus for the naturalistic explanation that Socrates gives for all sacred myths. The interested reader is encouraged to read the Foreword by Robert Graves to his second edition of The White Goddess (Faber and Faber), as it is relevant in the present context.
4. Crowley cared little for such trifles as historical times and dates. The time and date of his birth is a documented fact. By his own admission (Confessions of Aleister Crowley) his recorded time of birth indicated that Cancer, ruled by the Moon, was rising on the hour. Crowley much preferred the fiery solar-masculine sign of Leo the Lion over the watery, feminine-lunar Cancer the Crab. He therefore simply changed the time of his birth to suit!
5. See Kenneth Grant, Beyond the Mauve Zone pp. 34 [Starfire Publishing].
6. Such a book does exist and is titled Liber L vel Ouarda, or Liber DLXXVI, The Book of Ouarda the Seer. The content is identical to that of the MS version but without the interrogative interruptions of the scribe Crowley. The numbering of verses differs therefore. Ouarda has the Qabalistic value of 576. The original title of the book was “L”, not “AL”, since it is a book of the Law of Ma’at, not a book of religious precepts.
7. A disaffected disciple of Crowley, Charles Stansfeld Jones (Frater Achad) posited an Aeon of Ma’at as commencing from 1948 e.v. See The Incoming of the Aeon of Maat [Starfire Publishing].
8. See The Flaming Sword Sepher Sephiroth, under the number 256  [Ordo Astri].

Related articles:
Magick of the Aries Equinox
Crisis of the Modern Age
The Law of Thelema—Quantum Yoga
© Oliver St. John, 2018

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Revival of Magick

Magick includes astrology and religious mythology. The term is inclusive of metaphysics, philosophy, theology, theurgy, divination and prophecy.

There is no such thing as self-initiation. We can try to lift ourselves by our own bootstraps but the outcome is a foregone conclusion. Theurgy is the “practice of the divine”—solipsism is therefore a considerable bar to meaningful progress. A unity necessarily encompasses All and None.


It is impossible to convey any sense of what magick is all about to the mind of the person that lacks the ability or the will to perceive it for their self. To explain and rationalise magick in the hope that ‘men of science’ and other worthies might achieve illumination is a mission doomed to failure from the outset. Every idea the mind of man is able to conceive breaks down completely when subjected to analysis. The fact completely escapes those requiring proof of reality. Most persons today comfortably imagine magick to be no more than superstition and fantasy.

Magick: ROTA or Rose Cross Mandala with Crux Ansata from the book, Magical Theurgy

Magick includes astrology and religious mythology. The term is inclusive of metaphysics, philosophy, theology, theurgy, divination and prophecy. Magick embraces the life of the human soul, for the soul cannot be weighed, measured or otherwise accounted for. One can hardly overstate the fact that a considerable body of traditional knowledge collected over many thousands of years has been lost, forgotten or discarded as useless.

The revival of magick since the repeal of the Witchcraft Act in Britain (1951) owes a great deal to Aleister Crowley (1875–1947) and Violet Firth (better known as Dion Fortune, 1890–1946). Neither of these would have described themselves as witches, even if it had been lawful then to do so. If anything, they thought of themselves as practitioners of a Sacred Science. There is a dry, academic side to the occult, but to those that dare practice it, the romance and glamour surrounding the subject is indispensible to its effective operation. Both Crowley and Firth were aware of this, incorporating it in their writings. The part that romance plays is frequently misunderstood by historians and academics. ‘Factual’ accounts of the Western Magical Tradition are therefore suffused with allegations and counter-allegations of fraud and charlatanism. Crowley provided a rational explanation for magick that has been widely adopted:

Magick is the Science and Art of causing Change to occur in conformity with Will.[1]

Crowley nonetheless insisted that magick should, even at the very outset, be directed towards a mystic goal, defined as the Knowledge and Conversation of the Holy Guardian Angel.

It is necessary to deal with, and to dispose of, some myths. Firstly, we must deal with the notion of belief. There is much talk of beliefs and of ‘systems of belief’ whenever the subject of magick is discussed. The way of the magician or occultist is the Way of Knowledge, called Jnanayoga by Hindu philosophers. Belief is the enemy of knowledge, since the noun implies a static state of affairs, an end of the matter. In nature, there is nothing static; there is nothing that can truly be said to have an ending or a beginning. Why then should we have any need for belief? Belief is the weakness of clinging to an illusion in the vain hope that by doing so, an illusion can be turned into reality. To seek the real, we must eschew the folly of belief. Crowley had no intentions of making a religion out of magick or the Law of Thelema—this was done posthumously, in his name. The Egyptians, and other ancient races and cultures predating the introduction of compulsory state monotheism around 500 BCE, had no word in their language for “religion”.

Close on the tail of belief is hypnosis and hypnotism. Making oneself the passive subject of any hypnotic experiment was regarded with such horror by the adepts of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn that a mighty oath was sworn by its aspirants, who solemnly pledged never to allow this. It is not uncommon now to hear that hypnotism is not only useful in magick but is also an indispensible requirement. Altered states of consciousness are sometimes referred to as trances, but the need to discern the difference is not a matter of semantics. The idea that magick works by implanting suggestions in your mind—or worse, the minds of others—to enable something to become true that you previously thought to be false or unlikely is patently absurd. It may obtain ‘results’ for persons obsessed with the objects of their desire but such results are entirely in the realm of illusion. It is the art of the stage conjuror.

We are therefore happy to follow Aleister Crowley in adopting the spelling of magick with a “k” so as to distinguish what we do from that which is done purely to transfer cash from gullible and easily distracted persons to the pockets of the professional con artist.


[1] From the Introduction to Magick in Theory and Practice, Aleister Crowley.
This article is from the book, Magical Theurgy—Rituals of the Tarot.
The ROTA crux ansata Tarot illustration is from the cover art to the above book.

© Oliver St. John 2015, 2018
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