Aleister Crowley and Thelema—Equinox of the Gods

“Although Crowley preferred to cast himself in the mould of the Eliatic Greek school, going so far as to adopt the argumentative methods and intellectual idealism of Socrates, the Egyptian Book of the Law rails against such reasoning and argument.”

There is division hither homeward; there is a word not known. Spelling is defunct; all is not aught. Beware! Hold! Raise the spell of Ra-Hoor-Khuit!

Liber AL vel Legis, III: 2

“All is not aught” is a succinct though subtle refutation of certain streams of the Eastern philosophy. Even if we make a clear distinction between Aleister Crowley, the man or personality, and the consciousness current we term “93”, the buddhistic way is intellectually alluring—for some, compelling.[1] It also becomes a very easy way if we pay lip service to it while neglecting the core meditation practice. Sri Ramakrishna, the Hindu sage and devotee of Kali, held a view that in no way contradicts ancient Egyptian pharaonic theology:

God has form and He is formless too. Further, He is beyond both form and formlessness. No one can limit Him.

Sri Ramakrishna Kathamrita[2]

Great Neter: God comprehending all other Gods, E.A. Wallis Budge

Crowley and Thelema: God of all Gods

Crowley and Crowleyanity

The aim of magick is to make contact with occult intelligences. Historically, it has often been the case that such direct contact refutes mainstream dogma. Religion is about belief. The value of belief is in the telling of a good story but it is ultimately a bar to Gnosis. The ancient Egyptians had no word in their language for “religion”, since the concept for them did not exist. The Book of the Law is a transmission from an ancient Egyptian source. As such, it is a knowledge stream that vastly predates both science and religion.

Although Crowley preferred to cast himself in the mould of the Eliatic Greek school, going so far as to adopt the argumentative methods and intellectual idealism of Socrates, the Egyptian Book of the Law rails against such reasoning and argument.[3] Indeed, the rationalist science of today has its roots firmly immersed in the clay of classical Greek dogma. Thus scientism is not only against Nature but has also tricked mankind with its stream of inventions to the extent that all life on the planet is now under threat of imminent extinction.

Magical Timing

It is more likely that Crowley received the writing of the Book of the Law on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd April 1904, not the 8th, 9th and 10th as he subsequently claimed.[4] This was first noted by Kenneth Grant, who studied the diaries and holograph MSS of Crowley at first hand, while receiving personal tuition from him.[5]

Does it matter? If it matters at all, then it matters only for the purposes of understanding how practical magick works. The timing of things is vital in magick. To separate magick from Nature is to separate man from truth with the divisive sword of intellectual reason. Destruction is the outcome, as surely as is splitting the atom. When a magical operation is performed on the Equinox of Aries (20th March, the initiation of the Cairo working), the fulmination of that work arrives with the full Moon. In 1904, the full Moon in Libra very nearly coincided with Easter (Friday 1st April), and there was a lunar eclipse so that any corresponding events would be marked ever more deeply.

None of this need be of any concern to historians or scholars of the life and times of Aleister Crowley. Let it be then, that Crowley wrote down the book on the 8th, 9th and 10th April 1904. Then we can all sleep safe in our beds. After all, some observe this ritually, by reading aloud the three chapters of Liber AL vel Legis, one for each day. A more magical (and poetic) approach to this is to read from the book on the full Moon immediately following the Equinox of Aries each year. Anciently it has always been the Moon, and not any arbitrary calendrical date that determined the times for rituals. Crowley, on the other hand, wisely suggested it might be best to burn the book after the first reading.

Ouarda the Seer

Should it bother us that Crowley played down the role played by his wife, Rose or Ouarda the Seer? As she was the mediumistic agent for the whole business, Rose may very well have received and dictated the book to the scribe Crowley.[6] This would account for the instructions on practice given him in the middle of the second chapter that he clearly refused to obey. It would account for the fact of Rose’s handwritten notes added to the manuscript, not to mention that even by his own account the Beast had to consult with her concerning his anxiety over the neologism, “unfragmentary” (Liber XXX, I: 26). After that, the tone of the book becomes increasingly cryptic and menacing—hence the second verse of the third chapter that we have quoted.

Wise Words and Foolish

Some have interpreted, “there is a word not known” (AL, III: 2), as meaning that Crowley somehow failed to utter a word to inaugurate the New Aeon. The Aeon that subsequently ensued was abortive, so it is said. This has deluded some (including perhaps Crowley) into thinking an actual word—a word that can be spelled or spoken—is a necessary part of the equipment of a Magus that is somehow in charge or governance of an entire epoch in the history of human civilisation.

Some have posited that Crowley’s Aeon of Horus was very swiftly superseded by an Aeon of Ma’at.[7] This was later qualified by Kenneth Grant as a dual Aeon of Horus-Maat. Grant also made much mention in his books and letters of a “Wordless Aeon”. Others would have it that all aeons in time are presided over by Horus and Ma’at in both ancient Egyptian and astrological terms. The balance of the year is Aries and Libra. There is nothing in the Egyptian Book of the Law in any case about any “New Aeon”! All of this has introduced some bewilderment in the minds of those students of the occult that wish to find truth in written words and historical facts, so called. According to Liber AL vel Legis, III: 75:

The ending of the words is the Word Abrahadabra.

Everyone knows that ABRAHADABRA adds Qabalistically to 418. It appears in the grimoire attributed to King Solomon as a spell for invisibility, and the original form of this spell was ABRAKALA.[8] Crowley’s favoured interpretation was typically solar-phallic, “Father-Sun-Satan”. However, the seven-lettered ABRAKALA expresses the power of the divine creatrix, summed up in 256 or 16 x 16, the shade of the full Moon. There are three colours or primary kalas for the face of the White Goddess, white, black and red. She is either visible, invisible or in eclipse. During eclipse, a shade appears ahead of time, so to speak, thanks to the intervention of the body of the earth. Thus the powers of a lunar eclipse include prophecy, divination and oracular utterance.

One thing we can certainly be sure of is that Rose Crowley, who was first abandoned by Crowley and subsequently rejected by him, was the Pythoness and oracular seer that brought us the Egyptian Book of the Law.


1. Buddhism—generally speaking, for there are many schools of thought and practice—appeals to the rationalist and employs what might be termed ‘Greek reasoning’ to set its particular truth over and above all other truths. Perhaps the statement would be better qualified as “intellectual Buddhism”.
2. Recorded by Sri Mandiram, March 11, 1883: Conversations with Sri Ramakrishna [Vedanta Press].
3. See R. A. Schwaller de Lubicz, Sacred Science (pp. 18, Inner Traditions International) and Plato’s Phaedrus for the naturalistic explanation that Socrates gives for all sacred myths. The interested reader is encouraged to read the Foreword by Robert Graves to his second edition of The White Goddess (Faber and Faber), as it is relevant in the present context.
4. Crowley cared little for such trifles as historical times and dates. The time and date of his birth is a documented fact. By his own admission (Confessions of Aleister Crowley) his recorded time of birth indicated that Cancer, ruled by the Moon, was rising on the hour. Crowley much preferred the fiery solar-masculine sign of Leo the Lion over the watery, feminine-lunar Cancer the Crab. He therefore simply changed the time of his birth to suit!
5. See Kenneth Grant, Beyond the Mauve Zone pp. 34 [Starfire Publishing].
6. Such a book does exist and is titled Liber L vel Ouarda, or Liber DLXXVI, The Book of Ouarda the Seer. The content is identical to that of the MS version but without the interrogative interruptions of the scribe Crowley. The numbering of verses differs therefore. Ouarda has the Qabalistic value of 576. The original title of the book was “L”, not “AL”, since it is a book of the Law of Ma’at, not a book of religious precepts.
7. A disaffected disciple of Crowley, Charles Stansfeld Jones (Frater Achad) posited an Aeon of Ma’at as commencing from 1948 e.v. See The Incoming of the Aeon of Maat [Starfire Publishing].
8. See The Flaming Sword Sepher Sephiroth, under the number 256  [Ordo Astri].

Related articles:
Magick of the Aries Equinox
Crisis of the Modern Age
The Law of Thelema—Quantum Yoga
© Oliver St. John, 2018

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Oracle of Babalon

The Enochian Legacy: A book collector, Sir Robert Cotton (1571–1631), purchased the field where John Dee had buried his diary records, and proceeded to dig them up. The Cotton Manuscripts were subsequently edited and published by Meric Casaubon in his A True and Faithful Relation (1659).

Babalon Oracle and Enochian

An operation recorded by John Dee on the 23rd May 1587 is commonly thought to have been the result of skrying the 7th Aethyr of the Enochian system. There is no evidence from John Dee’s diaries that Dee and Kelly ever skryed any of the 30 Aethyrs directly; the idea originated from comparison of the Daughter of Fortitude oracle with Aleister Crowley’s skrying of the 7th Aethyr, centuries later. The spirit invoked in the skrying crystal by John Dee was Madimi, the same spirit that was contacted at the beginning of the Enochian work. The mischievous spirit had sometimes appeared naked, causing some consternation to the two men.

Enochian Oracle of Babalon: Whore of Babylon, William Blake

More Oracular Myths

There is a popular myth that the vision so unnerved Kelly that it caused him to permanently part company with Dee and sever all relations. This story was elaborated and dramatised somewhat by Kenneth Grant in his book, The Magical Revival and has been oft repeated; the alleged criminal activities of Kelly that supposedly followed might owe more to Crowley’s past life fantasies than any historical evidence. In fact, according to Dee’s record, the reading over of the Oracle from the Daughter of Fortitude, described in the diary as the “Golden Woman”, caused the two men “great comfort”. The vision was received soon after Dee and Kelly, with some reluctance, obeyed an instruction to share their wives in common. This is all the more extraordinary on consideration that all four parties involved were devout, God-fearing Christians. On 3rd May, the four had signed a pledge, concerning what was termed as a strange and secret doctrine that “should unto no mortal man be disclosed”:

We four (whose heads appeared under one crystalline crown, and in one pillar united and enclosed) do most humbly and heartily thank thee (O Almighty God, our Creator, Redeemer and Sanctifier) for all thy mercies and benefits hitherto received in our own persons, and in them that appertain unto us; and at this present do faithfully and sincerely confess and acknowledge that thy profound wisdom in this most new and strange doctrine (among Christians) propounded, commended and enjoined unto us four only, is above our human reason, and our Catholic Christian profession to like of…

John Dee’s method of invocation appears to have been a simple prayer to be “instructed in the understanding and practice of wisdom”. The result was a beautiful and truly remarkable oracle received from Sophia or Babalon, whose mystery is that she is a harlot, loved by many, and yet remains a virgin. A Hermeticist may readily understand this to be Isis, Nuit-Babalon or the Shakti of the Eastern Tantras. As Shekinah or female holy presence her natural abode is Binah or Saturn, above the Abyss of the Hermetic Tree of Life. As the Graal or Graal cup holder, she is naturally the receiver of all and the refuser of none. The vision was, however, received by two men during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. Kelly described Babalon in terms evocative of the Scarlet Woman (Babylon) of the book of Revelation or Apocalypse:

All her attire is like beaten gold; she hath on her forehead a cross crystalline, her neck and breast are bare unto under her dugs. She hath a girdle of beaten gold slackly buckled unto her with a pendant of gold down to the ground.

The Oracle of Babalon

I am the daughter of fortitude and ravished every hour, from my youth. For behold, I am understanding, and science dwelleth in me; and the heavens oppress me. They covet and desire me with infinite appetite; for none that are earthly have embraced me, for I am shadowed with the circle of the sun, and covered with the morning clouds. My feet are swifter than the winds, and my hands are sweeter than the morning dew. My garments are from the beginning, and my dwelling place is in my self. The lion knoweth not where I walk, neither do the beasts of the field understand me. I am deflowered, and yet a virgin; I sanctify, and am not sanctified. Happy is he that embraceth me: for in the night season I am sweet, and in the day full of pleasure. My company is a harmony of many symbols, and my lips sweeter than health itself. I am a harlot for such as ravish me, and a virgin with such as know me not: For lo, I am loved by many, and I am a lover to many; and as many as come unto me as they should do, have [my knowledge].

As yet, I walk in the clouds; as yet, I am carried by the winds, and cannot descend unto you for the multitude of your abominations, and the filthy loathsomeness of your dwelling places.

Purge your streets, o ye sons of men, and wash your houses clean; make yourselves holy, and put on [the garments of truth]. Cast out your old strumpets, and burn their clothes; [avoid the company of the profane, for they do not know me] and then will I come and dwell amongst you. I will open my garments, and stand naked before you, that your love may be more enflamed towards me. And behold, I will bring forth children unto you, and they shall be [as vessels of love and truth].

Babalon added repeated warnings not ever to disclose this knowledge to the profane. The vision describes the method of Enochian sexual magick best termed as Jnanamudra; when practiced by the adept, Jnanamudra leads automatically to Mahamudra. The Oracle bears comparison with the Sethian Gnostic text, Thunder Perfect Mind or Divine Barbelo, dated to the middle of the 2nd century CE. However, Dee and Kelly could not possibly have seen this, since the Nag Hammadi texts were buried in a cave in Egypt and not discovered until 1945 e.v. It is worth noting that John Dee began his Enochian magical operation to recover lost ancient books through the means of clairvoyance.


From the forthcoming book, Enochian Magick—Skrying the Aethyrs.
We have taken the liberty of revising some of the Oracle as it appears in the Cotton Ms. for the purpose of magical invocation: In Nomine Babalon. Any altered or moved text is placed in paranthesis.

a) The word “symbols” is sometimes given as “cymbals”; the English language of the time had no standard spelling, the word could be either, and either word fits the context.
b) The original text gives “entertainment” which we have rendered “knowledge”. Babalon is clearly not an entrepreneur.
c) The sentence, “As yet I walk in the clouds…” was originally the last, we have placed it here where it sits more comfortably in the overall flow of the passage.
d) The last line, originally “sons of love”, could be interpreted “sons of God”, since in the Enochian language “love”, BLIOR, is a name of the Holy Guardian Angel. One thinks also of the Nephalim, mentioned in the book of Genesis and Apocryphal book of Enoch—the lost book that John Dee was in fact hoping to recover by clairvoyant means.

A Note on Jack Parsons and the “Babalon Working”: It was most probably Jack Parsons, a rocket scientist and former disciple of Aleister Crowley, that initially made the comparison between the vision of Babalon and Crowley’s skrying of the 7th Aethyr. The “Babalon Working” of Jack Parsons and L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology, is now widely documented. Through this, Parsons obtained his Liber 49, an Oracle from Babalon that Parsons imagined to be a fourth chapter of the Egyptian Book of the Law, Liber AL vel Legis.

© Oliver St. John 2013, 2018
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