Equinox of Maat: Balance of the Year

When the Sun enters Libra at the Equinox of Maat, the days and nights are equal in length. Soon the days will be shortening and the nights lengthening as we, in the northern hemisphere, journey towards the winter solstice. In the southern hemisphere the situation is reversed; the days will be lengthening and the nights shortening, as the journey begins towards the height of summer.

Maat Equinox: Thoth Tarot Adjustment VIII

The Thoth Tarot trump for Libra is Adjustment VIII, depicting the Egyptian goddess Maat. A young woman is masked and bearing on her forehead the uraeus serpent. She is crowned with the ostrich plumes of Maat, and is perfectly poised upon her toes. In her hands is a magical sword, with the point downwards. She is The Daughter of the Lords of Truth, the Ruler of the Balance. She represents the absorption and transmutation of all experience in the flowing forth of continuous manifestation. She is the mistress of creation and destruction, and the balance of light and darkness. She is cosmic law, and the law of nature: truth, twofold, and the immutable law of the universe. Her powers are the works of Justice and Equilibrium.

The Oracle of Maat

Behold! I am the Eye of my father, Ra. I am the one in whom the word is accomplished. I am the Bride of Tahuti and the Measure of the Universe. I am truth, and the feather is my symbol. To pass my door, you must justify every part of your soul, and you must visit the beautiful fields of the grasshoppers. You shall bathe in the pool where the Sailors of Ra in his sun-boat bathe. Purify yourself in my name, and come before me as Horus Triumphant. For I stand upon one side of Ra in the ark of the heavens and Tahuti stands upon the other. And unless you have found the flint that is hidden in my furrow, then you shall not pass my gates. But if you know all these things, and if you have found me that dwells in the heart of Ra, and if you are pure—then Tahuti shall call your name! And you shall be known in the palace of the starry ones, and shall live forever and forever.[1]

Maat is the goddess that presides over the weighing of the heart ceremony, and is the ‘Straight One’, the principle of Perfect Truth and the Balance of the Universe. She is clothed in emerald green and wears the crown of double plumes. The feather is her symbol, and the Ankh of Life. Maat is the Eye of Ra, the Sun, and is the bride and consort of Thoth or Tahuti, the Egyptian Hermes-Mercury, the god of magick and of magick words and writing—the Word or Logos.

The Neteru or Gods are the personification of impersonal principles. Maat, especially, is a cosmic principle. The ancient Egyptians loved puns, the play on words. Maat says, “If you have found me that dwells in the heart of Ra…” One of the epithets of Maat is ‘The Me’, the Measure of all things. One must find the measure, the ‘me’ that is Maat, in the heart, the centre of all.

Maat is the Eye of Ra, and the secret hidden in the heart of Ra—she is his daughter, and so the apple of his eye. As with students, a good pupil is as that which is in the centre of the eye. It is emptiness, yet beholding all—therefore receptive. Also it is one who hears—for the human ear was shaped by sound. The heart itself is the void place of spirit. The Egyptian hieroglyph for the heart (Ab) is a pot or vessel. The handles are the ‘ears’. The ‘eye’ is the emptiness inside—the necessary condition for true meditation. Nuit wears a pot on her head, which is the hieroglyph of her name, ‘Nu’; she is the Holy Graal.

The ‘emptiness’ or spaciousness of absolute Nuit is not equal to ‘nothing at all’.  As it is put, cryptically, in the (Egyptian) Book of the Law, Liber AL, II: 2:

There is division hither homeward; there is a word not known. Spelling is defunct; all is not aught. Beware! Hold! Raise the spell of Ra-Hoor-Khuit!

Far from being ‘nothingness’, Nuit’s spaciousness is everything! The one true power in the universe is the power of attention. The all-seeing eye of Ra is the eye of the beholder. In Liber AL, I: 28:

None, breathed the light, faint and faery, of the stars, and two.

Everything concerned with Maat is double. The ancient Egyptians usually had two of everything, including pairs of male and female gods or neters. Maat presides over the Neophyte Hall of Dual Manifestation. Everything in nature is double; there is ‘no-one’ in truth. The power of Egyptian magical spells is in the words; to know they are true, and to speak them truly, is the perfection of Maat.

There is a popular New Age notion that any affliction suffered in this life must owe to some ‘karmic debt’ incurred in a previous life. Let us dispel this myth, for the rule of Maat is not in any way a moral or ethical law. The law of nature is exact; we must not confuse this with any notions of human justice based on morality—if we do then we confuse this idea of karma and make little tin gods of ourselves. Furthermore, ‘reincarnation’ is a self-limiting modern myth, based on rationalist determinism.[2]


Notes

1. The Oracle of Maat is taken from ‘Ceremonies of Nuit and Ra’, Ritual Magick—The Rites and Ceremonies of Hermetic Light [Ordo Astri].

2. See ‘Lapis Philosophorum’, Babalon Unveiled! Thelemic Monographs [Ordo Astri].

The Egyptian Tarot of Thelema trump for Libra is Maat VIII. The card and its description may be viewed here at Ordo Astri.

© Oliver St John 2013, revised 2019

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15-card Thoth Tarot Spread

The Fifteen-card or ‘Thoth’ Tarot spread seems to have been devised by the publisher of some early editions of the Crowley-Harris Thoth deck. The advantage of the spread is that cards are read in sets of three, so the elemental dignities of the Tarot can be applied.

The Priestess II Thoth TarotThe method of laying out the cards forms a widdershins spiral, outward from the centre.

The number 15 is the Grand Number of the Pentagram as 5 multiplied by the trinity, and the Mystic Number of the Pentagram as the sum of all the numbers between one and five:

Σ (1–5) = 15

The three centre cards (see diagram below) represent the question and the questioner. The upper left cards are a future development of the upper right cards, if the two sets agree. If the upper left and upper right cards do not agree, then the upper right position represents the course of action the querent would naturally take, and the upper left cards an alternative course of action that changes the natural outcome. The lower left cards represent the attitude of the querent or psychological basis of the question. The lower right cards represent destiny, spiritual forces or karma beyond the control of the querent; as such, these three cards are to be regarded as advice.

Thoth 15-card Divination Tarot Spread

The Fifteen-card spread has six cards (centre and lower left) that represent the questioner. This can produce surprising insights. It is often not realised quite how much the question and its likely outcome is determined by the spiritual, mental and emotional state of the questioner.

Thoth Tarot Spread Example

Here is an example of the cards on the top right and the top left in agreement.

Thoth 15-card Tarot Example

The cards Adjustment VIII and The Priestess II mirror each other; they are both feminine figures, represented by Libra and the Moon respectively. The Five of Disks mirrors the Prince of Disks; the Ten of Wands mirrors the Nine of Wands. Since the two sets of cards are clearly in agreement, there is a flow or natural development of the future, reading from right to left.

Tarot Dignities

Traditionally, the cards on either side are used to evaluate the meaning of the centre card. The elemental qualities of classical hermeticism are used.

Fire and Water contrary ∴ Wands and Cups inimical
Fire and Air complementary ∴ Wands and Swords mutual
Fire and Earth complementary ∴ Wands and Disks mutual
Water and Air complementary ∴ Cups and Swords mutual
Water and Earth complementary ∴ Cups and Disks mutual
Air and Earth contrary ∴ Swords and Disks inimical

If (for example) a card of Wands has a Wand on either side, it is greatly strengthened for good or ill, according to the nature of the cards on either side. If a card of Wands has a Cup on either side, it is greatly weakened for good or ill, according to the nature of the cards on either side. If a card of Wands has a Sword or Disk card on either side, it is moderately strengthened by those cards, according to their nature.

If a card of Wands has a Cup (inimical) on one side, and a Sword (mutual) on the other side, it is said that the ‘Sword takes the Cup to the Wand’ and the Wand is moderately strengthened according to the nature of the two cards on either side. But if the Wand has on one side a Sword and on the other side a Disk, it is said that the two cards on the outside cancel or neutralise each other, since Swords and Disks are opposite in nature. In that case the two cards on either side have little or no effect on the Wand in the centre.

Trump cards, as a rule, greatly outweigh the small cards; their operation is on a different plane and in a reading they tend to represent spiritual forces or destiny. One must be careful, therefore, when there is a mixture of trumps and small cards. The trump cards correspond to zodiacal, planetary and elemental forces. Fortune X (for example) corresponds to Jupiter, and so if this card appeared with The Hermit IX, which corresponds to Virgo, the effect would be similar to that of Jupiter in Virgo in an astrological chart. The Tower XVI corresponds to Mars and so if this card appeared with The Empress IV, the trump for Venus, the action would be similar to Mars aspecting Venus in an astrological chart.

Thoth Tarot and Outer Planets

The three elemental trumps can be problematical. The Fool 0 (for example) is the primary element of Air. What if this card appears with The Devil XV, corresponding to Capricorn, a cardinal Earth sign? Air and Earth are inimical, yet the trumps are more than elemental; they are composite glyphs that mirror the paths of the Tree of Life. Two trump cards will not simply ‘cancel out’.

Thoth Tarot Table of Primary Trumps

Fortunately the outer planets, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto, can be assigned to the elemental trumps. The effect of The Devil XV and The Fool 0 together can be taken as similar to that of Uranus in Capricorn.

In any reading one should look first to see if there is a predominance of any element or type. Many Wands in a reading, for example, would indicate much energy and activity. A majority of court cards would indicate that many persons were involved in the question, or there is much social activity. A large number of trumps in a reading indicate forces of destiny or karma involved with the question.


Notes

© Oliver St. John 2012, 2019

Each of the 12 Thoth Tarot zodiacal trumps are fully explained here, with key Qabalistic references.

View Magical Theurgy—Rituals of the Tarot and other books here.
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Thelemic Tarot Spread

The Thelemic Tarot of the Book of Thoth deck, or any Tarot deck that utilises the Golden Dawn magical correspondences (777), requires the method called ‘dignities’ when used for divination. The method is fully explained in a related article: 15-card Thoth Tarot. The cards are read in sets of three, so we can apply the elemental dignities of the Tarot.

Thelemic Tarot: Thoth Tarot Priestess II

The simplest method of using dignities for accuracy of divination is as follows:

0. Prepare yourself and the deck by invoking.

I invoke thee IAO, that thou wilt send HRU, the great Angel that is set over the operations of the Secret Wisdom, to lay his hand invisibly upon these consecrated cards of art. Thus shall I obtain true knowledge of hidden things, to the glory of thine ineffable Name! AUM.

1. Shuffle and cut the deck into three piles. Put them back together in one pile ensuring that the cards that were at the bottom of the deck before cutting are now on the top.

2. Lay out the first card. That will be the central focus. Place a second card to the right of the first. Place the third card to the left of the first. The significance of the centre card may then be evaluated according to the modifying influence of the other two (supporting) cards.

Thelemic Tarot Three-card Spread

Thelemic Tarot Spread

In the sphere I am everywhere the centre, as she, the circumference, is nowhere found. Yet she shall be known and I never.

Liber AL, II: 3–4

The Thelemic Thoth Tarot Spread is a three-dimensional expansion of the three-card method. The first three cards will be laid out to form an upright triangle. The fourth card is numbered zero and placed in the centre. It is numbered zero as it represents Da’ath, the non-sephira figured by Set-Hadit. One should bear in mind that on the Tree of Life, Da’ath is the apex of a tetrahedron of which the first three numbers form the base.

Thelemic Tarot Pyramid Spread

Prepare yourself and the deck by invoking. Shuffle, cut and replace the cards as previously described. Lay out the cards as shown here, forming a supernal triad with Da’ath at the apex of the tetrahedron.

The first card (Kether) is the focus for the matter that one wishes to know something about. The second and third cards (Chokmah and Binah) modify it as according to their nature. Thus, the method of reading by dignities is identical to the three-card spread, except the second and third cards are dropped below to form the base of the pyramid.

The first three cards symbolise how things appear. They represent, therefore, the matter itself that is the subject of the enquiry, as exoteric. The centre card, the apex of the pyramid, symbolises the Will, which is esoteric. The centre card thus supplies an answer to the question, or a way in which the question may be approached so that better understanding is gained. That may require further meditation, or otherwise be suggestive of certain actions to be taken.

Bear in mind that the nature of the Will (Hadit) is esoteric. The ‘Effect’ (Nuit’s appearance) is exoteric. Thus, however skilful we may be in the art of divination, and however adept we may be with the method of dignities, what we are seeking may not be fully revealed until reification of the Will-current has come about. Nonetheless, when divination is performed with the right attitude of mind, a powerful magical operation is set in place. A magical act has been declared. The invocation appeals to the ineffable. That which is hidden will surely and most certainly come to light.

To ‘divine’ is not necessarily to make a prediction of future events, which is an error of deterministic thinking, that one thing ‘causes’ another thing in an endless chain from past to future. Such thinking is described in the (Egyptian) Book of the Law as the “word of Sin” that is “Restriction”.[1] The word ‘divine’ originates from the Latin, divinus, which means, ‘like a god’. That is to say, in the image of a god one may know something about that god. Put in plainer terms, it is to know the truth of a matter. As it was put by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in the tales of Sherlock Holmes,

When you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.[2]


Notes

1. Liber AL vel Legis, I: 41, “The word of Sin is Restriction”.
2. The Sign of the Four and other stories, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

© Oliver St. John 2018
The Esoteric Doctrine of Thelema is revealed in ‘Lapis Philosophorum’, Babalon Unveied! Thelemic Monographs [Ordo Astri].

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